"There was a war, and hysteria allows and permits and  commands almost anything. So you have to find enemies; you have to find the spies and the fifth columnists."


Heinz  Betzler

German Internee


The Author


Following Navy service and graduate school, I taught and wrote about American history at Humboldt State University.


My non-fiction focuses on the relocation and internment  of Italian and German Americans during World War II. UnCivil Liberties, an oral a documentary history of Italian relocation, earned an American Book Award.


When I retired from teaching history, I turned to writing  fiction. Leaving 'facts' behind (not easy!), I have enjoyed 'Telling Lies for Fun and Profit!' As you might expect, some of my stories have historical themes—'Illusions' and 'Infamy!' for example. Others are semi-autobiographical or explore art history or obsessive collectors or immigration—even pole dancers!. Crime, of course, is a central element.


There are brief explanations of some fiction and non-fiction on this page, but you should use the Menu bar (above) to discover more (books & documents) about relocation and internment during World War II and the fictional topics.


Whether you’re a history buff or someone who just enjoys a good yarn, there's a book here for you.

(To order, simply click on the book image.)


FBI Director Hoover &

President Rooseevelt

"Against All


Book Sampling ...

'Outstanding Book'Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Human Rights in the United States, 1991.

'Outstanding Literary Achievement' American Book Award (Before Columbus Foundation), 1992.

One of those rare books that will gratify readers of diverse backgrounds and interests. —Northcoast Journal

A significant book for all Americans concerned with this country's attitudes toward and treatment of immigrants, and with individual rights. —Voices in Italian Americana

Stephen Fox displays a powerful ability to tell a story, a sharp eye for vivid detail and an ardent sensitivity to precise language.


Illusions is a fast-paced, compelling narrative of kindness and caring in spite of disillusionment over national security, patriotism, medical professionalism, military competence, bureaucratic power and family loyalty.

A compelling and poignant read. — iBooks

A gem of a book, from engaging anecdote to personal narrative to sweeping history, and best of all, the connections between yesterday and today. — John Christgau, author of 'Enemies': World War II Alien Internment

I'm so glad to see the previous battles, the stupidity, and finally some grace. Thank you for writing about a previous time and those terrible people, but also the good people. — Bill Bousman

It was a time of profiling, FBI bungling, military commissions, secret arrests, suspension of due process and habeas corpus, deportation, extraordinary rendition, second class citizenship and other forms of harassment -- all in the name of homeland security during a war being fought overseas. Ron Standerfer for Reader Views

© 2016 Stephen Fox

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