"There was a war, and hysteria allows and permits and  commands almost anything. So you have to find enemies; you have to find the spies and the fifth columnists."


Heinz  Betzler

German Internee

The Author


Following Navy service and graduate school, I taught and wrote about American history at Humboldt State University.


My non-fiction focuses on the relocation and internment  of Italian and German Americans during World War II. UnCivil Liberties, an oral a documentary history of Italian relocation, earned an American Book Award.


In retirement, I turned to writing  fiction. I try to say something every morning—'Telling Lies for Fun and Profit!' Some of my stories have historical themes—'Illusions' and 'Infamy!' for example. Others are semi-autobiographical, explore art history, obsessive collection, or immigration—even pole dancing! Crime, of course, is central.


Whether you’re a history buff or someone who just enjoys a good yarn, there's a book here for you.



FBI Director Hoover &

President Rooseevelt

"Against All


Book Sampling ...

'Outstanding Book'Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Human Rights in the United States,1991.

'Outstanding Literary Achievement' American Book Award (Before Columbus Foundation), 1992.

One of those rare books that will gratify readers of diverse backgrounds and interests. —Northcoast Journal

A significant book for all Americans concerned with this country's attitudes toward and treatment of immigrants, and with individual rights. —Voices in Italian Americana


For several years, a diverse group of friends  gathered to share Christmas dinner—academics, artists, physicians, couples and widows. In previous years dinner talk revolved around toy party favors and small talk about family and health. This year it became a spontaneous and sometimes explosive confession of ideas and secrets of lives little known.

FROM THE BOOK: “He’d forgotten how many years they’d gone to Betty’s for Christmas dinner. Not that knowing was all that important. Mostly just curiosity ... Whatever advantage to his brain there might be, the simple act of wondering about how many dinners there’d been was difficult, and, perhaps more importantly, he surmised, an indication of his faltering interest in dining at Betty’s in the first place ... He wondered if the woman in the bathroom finishing her makeup also had doubts. Probably both had allowed the dinner to slip, without objection, into the category of ‘custom.’ If he gave it any thought, ‘custom’ had come to mean ‘duty’ with only a remote possibility of pleasure ...”


A gem of a book, from engaging anecdote to personal narrative to sweeping history, and best of all, the connections between yesterday and today. — John Christgau, author of 'Enemies': World War II Alien Internment

It was a time of profiling, FBI bungling, military commissions, secret arrests, suspension of due process and habeas corpus, deportation, extraordinary rendition, second class citizenship and other forms of harassment -- all in the name of homeland security during a war being fought overseas. Ron Standerfer for Reader Views

Thank you for writing about a previous time and these terrible people, but also the good people. — Bill B.


© 2016 Stephen Fox

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