"There was a war, and hysteria allows and permits and  commands almost anything. So you have to find enemies; you have to find the spies and the fifth columnists."


Heinz  Betzler

German Internee


(From My World War II Books)

The Author

Following my Navy service and graduate school, I taught and wrote about American history at Humboldt State University (soon to be renamed 'Cal Poly Humboldt').

author photo

My nonfiction focuses on Jacksonian America and, in a big leap, the relocation and internment of Italian and German Americans during World War II.

In retirement, I turned to  fiction. I try to write something each morning—'Telling Lies for Fun!' Some of my stories have historical themes. Others are semi-autobiographical, explore art history, obsessive collecting, or immigration—even pole dancing! Crime, of course, is central to all.

FBI Director Hoover &

President Rooseevelt

"Against All


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Foxbooks — A Sampling

'Outstanding Book'Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Human Rights in the United States,1991.

fisherman on his way to boat

'Outstanding Literary Achievement' American Book Award (Before Columbus Foundation), 1992.

One of those rare books that will gratify readers of diverse backgrounds and interests. —Northcoast Journal

A significant book for all Americans concerned with this country's attitudes toward and treatment of immigrants, and with individual rights. —Voices in Italian Americana

"I found this sentence so meaningful: 'It is possible for a proud nation such as the United States, dedicated in principle to individual freedom, to come close to losing its soul during a time of crisis under poor leadership.' And then: 'Not so much (to lose it), perhaps, in the heady days of summer sunshine patriotism, but time for thoughtful reflection about the past will be essential during the cold, dark winters of national crises to come, as surely they will, if history is any guide' ...

 Nonfiction ...

book cover

I appreciated those words last night (January 7, 2020), and  I found the whole book so well done ... The interviews were so worthwhile.  Amazing what people have to put up with. — Ann P.


An anticipated decision of the Supreme Court on the Second Amendment  threatened to further divide the country. As the Court prepared to hear oral arguments, one of the justices died unexpectedly. President Gloria Addison needed a quick replacement, one who shared her view of the amendment.

She thought she had the right man with Judge Randolph Cavendish of Rhode Island, although many considered him an independent-minded jurist.

Addison’s strategy to win over the judge failed. Cavendish’s political philosophy proved more important to him than being the White House’s man on the court.

Then, Cavendish refused Addison’s suggestion that he quietly retire. Had she overreached?

President Addison had to consider options she couldn’t have imagined when her political career began in a small Indiana town. How far would  she go?

In the ensuing chaos, no one was safe, not the president, not Justice Cavendish, not Congress.

Latest Fiction ...


In progress ...